A Persian rug or a Persian carpet is also acknowledged as Iranian carpet. These rugs are heavy textiles that are made for various symbolic and utilitarian purposes and these rugs are produced in Iran. People use these rugs for local sale, home use, and exporting. Carpet weaving turns as a vital portion of Iranian art and Persian culture. The Persian carpets do stand out by the elaborateness and variety of their manifold designs. These rugs come in different types and they are woven by nomadic tribes in town and village workshops and even by royal court manufacturers. Due to this; they represent various simultaneous lines of tradition besides reflecting the history of Iran.
The rugs that are knitted in the Safavid court manufactories of Isfahan in the 16th century are well-known for their artistical designs and elaborate colors and they are highly treasured in private collections and museums all across the world. Their designs and patterns have managed to set an artistic tradition for many court manufactories that were kept during the whole duration of the Persian Empire. The rugs that are woven in regional centers, such as Kashan, Qom, Mashhad, Kerman, and Tabriz get characterized by their particular weaving processes and utilization of superior quality patterns, colors, and materials.
The rug materials
The chief materials that are used in Persian rugs are silk, cotton, and wool. At times, goats and camels’ wool too are used by the tribal weavers.
- Silk – Natural silk is highly expensive and so, they are not often used in rugs. Silk is preferred over other natural fibers because they are extremely strong and fine. However, you should never clean a wholly silk rug at home. When it requires cleaning, you must take it to one professional rug specialist.
- Cotton – Generally, cotton is used for the foundation of the rugs. Nonetheless, some weavers make use of them for introducing white details and developing contrast in texture and color. At times, mercerized cotton is used for creating ‘art-silk’ look.
- Wool – Wool is considered the most commonly utilized material in interlacing handmade Persian rugs. This is because wool is durable and soft and it is highly available to the people of Iran. Though goats and camels’ hair is often used, yet excess use of them is undesired. They definitely add sheen to a rug but they are tough to dye and so, a rug might lose its color faster compared to woven with the help of sheep wool. For gathering more information on Persian rugs, log on to https://rugsrugsrugs.com.au/collections/persian-rugs.